Translate

Saturday, 14 April 2018

More War Criminals without punishment, or almost


Germany has a complicated and dark twentieth century. Just remember the dismal III Reich. The northern Land of Schleswig-Holstein, is one of those regions where it must hurt to remember. Because, in its day, this region that borders Denmark was one of the German areas where the Nazis achieved more success on their way to power. And, above all, because after the Second World War, the reinsertion of members of the German National Socialist Workers Party (NSDAP, according to its German acronym) was commonplace.

Notables of the totalitarian regime of Adolf Hitler also tried to enjoy there, with more or less success, a second chance. "Schleswig-Holstein sadly has that fame. In the 60s and 70s it was known that there were many cases here of authentic hidden war criminals, who lived undisturbed for a decade or more, "says Karen Bruhn, historian at the Christian Albrecht University in Kiel. "In the 60s it was investigated, but the investigations focused on the most relevant people, and many people with a past in the Nazi party could be integrated into the new democratic state," Bruhn writes.

Names like Werner Catel, known to practice euthanasia to children in times of Nazism, is one of those relevant figures. "Catel is a well-known example, he lived until his death in Kiel and was a professor at the University of Kiel after the war," recalls Bruhn. Kiel is the capital of Schleswig-Holstein. Eighty kilometers south of that city lies Lübeck, where Ernst Lautz, who was the Attorney General of the Third Reich, would live until his last days. This man was sentenced to ten years' imprisonment in Nuremberg. He ended up being released early in 1951, which took the opportunity to settle in Lübeck until his death in 1977.

A doctor who practiced euthanasia on children

In the case of Catel, in 1960 his role in the euthanasia system began to be made public to children with mental illnesses in the National Socialist regime. His retirement, in line with the controversy generated, seemed to be a product of circumstances. It has been estimated that some 5,000 people were victims of the euthanasia system that Catel participated in. After his retirement in Kiel, Catel remained intellectually active, writing several books, mainly on his medical specialty, pediatrics.
 
Werner Catel before
One case among thousands : 
In early 1939 a farm labourer called Richard Kretschmar requested Catel's permission to euthanise one of his children, now identified as Gerhard Kretschmar, who had been born blind and deformed. Catel deferred the matter and suggested the father write directly to Hitler  for permission. Hitler subsequently sent Dr.Karl Brandt to confer with Catel and decide on a course of action. On July 25, 1939 the child was killed.
Werner Catel after

 After the war Catel took charge of the Mammolshöhe Children's Mental Home near Kronberg , where he continued to rally for the euthanasia of children deemed beyond hope. In 1949 he was found to have committed no grave crimes by a denazification  board in Hamburg , and became attached to the University of Kiel in 1954. There was serious discussion after his death in 1981 of establishing a Werner Catel Foundation with $200,000 from his estate, but the idea was finally dismissed in 1984.

A lawyer of the Nazi state

Ernst Lautz, the Nazi state lawyer sentenced to ten years in prison in Nuremberg, for his part,

Ernst Lautz

participated in the execution of laws against Poles and Jews in the territories annexed by the Third Reich in Eastern Europe. That cost him a conviction for war crimes. But that punishment was abbreviated as was also reduced the life sentence imposed on Franz Lautz was released on parole on Jan. 31, 1951, after serving a little more than three years.

 In 1936 he became Attorney General in Berlin and moved in 1937 to Karlsruhe. Lautz, who joined the NSDAP in May 1933, became a prosecutor at the People's Court from 1 July 1939. He attended the meeting of the highest jurists of the Reich on 23 and 24 April 1941 in Berlin, in which Viktor Brack and Werner Heyde informed about the "destruction of life unworthy of life" in the gas chambers of the T4 campaign. He was in the trial against participants of the assassination of 20 July 1944 representative of the indictment. On January 30, 1945, he and Roland Freisler appealed to the German justice system to affirm allegiance to the "Führer".

 Lautz lived after his release until his death in Lübeck. The pension office in Kiel  had its pension claims since December 1, 1952 (1951 and 1952 was entitled to his position and salary as chief prosecutor) of a high-level lawyer on the 1936 under the National Socialists promotion to Attorney General at the Berlin Court of Appeal "shortened". The political scandal in the Federal Republic revealed by the Stuttgarter Nachrichten in December 1956 (after five years) led after another five years of disciplinary juridical battles (it was also about, with which title one was allowed to address him: "Reichsanwalt aD") finally to a " Gnadenpension "of 600 DM. An attempt was not made by Eugen Gerstenmaier, because the treaty for the settlement of war and occupation issues of May 26, 1952 forbade a repeated condemnation by German courts.
Ernst Launtz

 Can you get an idea of the thousands killed by this man with that seems a innocent-looking jurist when he is in prison?




Schlegelberger Reich Minister of Justice


Schlegelberger, who was Minister of Justice of the Third Reich between 1941 and 1942.


Schlegelberger  was firmly condemned in Nuremberg to life imprisonment. His participation in war crimes and against humanity was proven there.
Schlegelberger became provisional Reich Minister of Justice for the years 1941 and 1942, followed then by Otto Thierack. During his time in office the number of death sentences rose sharply. He authored the bills such as the so-called Poland Penal Law Provision (Polenstrafrechtsverordnung) under which Poles were executed for tearing down German posters. Schlegelberger's attitude towards his job may be best encapsulated in a letter to Reich Minister and Chief of the Reich Chancellery Hans Heinrich Lammers:

Dear Reich Minister Dr. Lammers,
Schlegelberger
Upon the Führer-order of 24 October 1941 forwarded to me through Mr. State Minister and Chief of the Führer's and Reich Chancellor's Presidial Chancellery, I have handed the Jew Markus Luftglass, sentenced to 2½ years in prison by the Special Court in Katowice, over to the Gestapo for execution.
Heil Hitler!
Your
most obedient
— Schlegelberger

 However, for medical reasons, he was released in 1950. He lived two decades in Flensburg until his death on December 14, 1970. Flensburg, practically on the German-Danish border .For years afterward, he drew a monthly pension of DM 2,894 (for comparison, the average monthly income in Germany at that time was DM 535)

The widow of a Jewish Holocaust architect

Another personality infamous for his connection to the original Nazism of Schleswig-Holstein is Lina Heydrich. This woman died in her hometown, Fehmarn (east of Schleswig-Holstein), in 1985. Lina took much of her life the name of her first husband, Reinhard Heydrich. This high office of the III Reich is considered one of the architects of the Holocaust. Because of its implacable and cold character, Adolf Hitler called him in his day "the man with the heart of steel".
Heydrich and wife

Heydrich died in 1942 after being injured in the so-called Operation Anthropoid. This was an attack carried out by Czech and Slovak agents that would end up costing the life to which he was responsible for the Central Office of Security of the Reich and Nazi leader in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia -now the Czech Republic-. His wife, Lina, showed that she never forgot it. She dedicated his memoirs, published in 1976. They were entitled Leben mit einem Kriegsverbrechen (Ed. Ludwig Verlag, 1976) or "Life with a war criminal".
Heydrich & wife


Cases like those of Heydrich, Schlegelberger, Lautz or Catel may be the most notorious. But there were a huge number of people with a Nazi past who re-established their lives in Schleswig-Holstein. In post-World War II Germany, denazification did not come immediately after Hitler's suicide or with the German capitulation of May 7, 1945. In the case of Schleswig-Holstein, the fact arises that, before conflict, it was already one of the regions that most support the Nazi party had experienced.

"In the general elections of July 1932, the increase of the votes to the Nazi party reached a record of 51% when in the rest of the country the increase was of 37.7%", according to the accounts of the historian Anthony McEllignott, of the University of Limerick (Ireland). Those who, like him, have studied the Schleswig-Holstein case, note that in no other region of Germany did the Nazi party's support grow in its phase of political ascent.

The most Nazi region in the 30s

Hence Schleswig-Holstein he calls "the brown province". The brown, in the chromatic code with which the German political parties are identified, is the color attributed to the NSDAP. Currently, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) of Chancellor Angela Merkel is the black and the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) is the red. After the Second World War, the brown influence in German politics could be considered to have disappeared. But the Nazis were still there. In the regional parliament of Schleswig-Holstein, without going any further.
Schleswig-Holstein

"In Schleswig-Holstein, from the elections to the regional Parliament of 1958, it is known that 50% of the members of the chamber were former members of the Nazi party," explains Bruhn, the history specialist for the northern German Land. "But these members did not have antidemocratic behavior, the old elites of the regime worked here, yes, but integrated into the new country," says this historian, alluding to West Germanyparison, the average monthly income in Germany at that time was DM 535).

Sunday, 4 February 2018

The murderers and their "punishment".

Here start a short list of some Nazi criminals and their "punishment", contrary to what most people believe, the vast majority or received no or very mild punishment for hundreds, thousands or hundreds of thousands of murders.


  • Karl Silberbauer. The German police who arrested Anne Frank.
    The victim. Anna Frank
    Karl Silverbauer  young
 Fourteen months in prison for his activities during World War II. In 1954, two years after the publication of the English edition of the Diary of Anne Frank, was reinstated as a member of the Vienna police.

       Some authors said that he collaborated with the intelligence of the Federal Republic of Germany during the postwar. (1) 
Karl Siverbauer old

He died in 1972.

It is not possible to put a photo of the victim in his old age, this murderer and his accomplices prevented her from growing up by killing her so young.


(1) ↑ "Anne Franks Peiniger arbeitete für den BND", Focus, April 9, 2011. Retrieved April 11, 2011 (in German).
↑ Ferrer, Elizabeth. "The Nazi police who arrested Anne Frank in Amsterdam was after spy for the Federal Republic of Germany", "El País" ( spanish newspaper) , April 11, 2011. Retrieved April 11, 2011.




  • Alois Brunner . Director of camp and killer.
Born in Nádküt, Vas, Austria-Hungary  (now Rohrbrunn, Burgenland, Austria). He joined the Nazi Party in 1931 and the Sturmabteilung  (SA) in 1932. After joining the SS in 1938.
Alouis Brunner , young
Brunner held the rank of Captain of the SS, when he organized deportations to Nazi concentration camps  from Vichy France and Slovakia. He was commander of a train of Jews deported from Vienna to Riga in February 1942. En route, Brunner shot and killed Jewish financier Siegmund Bosel, who, although ill, had been hauled out of a Vienna hospital and placed on the train. According to historian Gertrude Schneider, who as a young girl was deported to Riga on the same train, but survived the Holocaust:
Alois Brunner chained Bosel, still in his pajamas, to the platform of the first car—our car—and berated him for having been a profiteer. The old man repeatedly asked for mercy; he was very ill, and it was bitterly cold. Finally Brunner wearied of the game and shot him. Afterward, he walked into the car and asked whether anyone had heard anything. After being assured that no one had, he seemed satisfied and left.
Before being named commander of Darncy Internmant Camp near Paris in June 1943, Brunner deported 43,000 Jews from Vienna  and 46,000 from Salonika  . He was personally sent by Eichmann in 1944 to Slovakia  to oversee the deportation of Jews. In the last days of the Third reich he managed to deport another 13,500 from Slovakiato Theresienstadt, Sachsenhausen, Bergen-Belsen, and Stutthof of whom a few survived; the remainder, including all the children, were sent to Auschwitz, where none are known to have survived.
Louis Brunner

After the war,

Claiming he had "received official documents under a false name from American authorities", Brunner claimed he had found work as a driver for the Unites States Army  in the period after the war.
It has been alleged that Brunner found a working relationship after World War II with the Gehlen Organization
 The Gehlen Organization or Gehlen Org was an intelligence agency established in June 1946 by U.S. occupation authorities in the United Staters  Zone of Germany, and consisted of former members of the 12th Department of the German Army General Staff ( Foreign Armies East , or FHO). It carries the name of Werchamacht Major General Reinhard Gehlen head of the Nazi German military inteligence  in the Eastern Front during World War II.
Alouis Brunner , old.

 The Gehlen Org employed hundreds of former members of the Nazi Party,which was defended by the CIA. 
 He fled West Germany only in 1954, on a fake Red Cross  passport, first to Rome, then Egypt, where he worked as a weapons dealer, and then to Syria , where he took the pseudonym  of Dr. Georg Fischer. In Syria, he was hired as a government adviser.

In an interview of the killer in German newspaper Bunte :
 Brunner was quoted as saying he regrets nothing and that all of the Jews deserved their fate. According to a widely quoted 1987 telephone interview with the Chicago Sun Times, he was reported to have said: "All of [the Jews] deserved to die because they were the Devil's agents and human garbage. I have no regrets and would do it again."
Until the early 1990s, he lived in an apartment building on 7 Rue Haddad in Damascus, meeting with foreigners and occasionally being photographed. In the 1990s, the French Embassy received reports that Brunner was meeting regularly and having tea with former East German nationals. According to The Guardian, he was last seen alive by reliable witnesses in 1992.
In December 1999, unconfirmed reports surfaced that Brunner had died in 1996, and been buried in a Damascus cemetery. However, he was reportedly sighted at the Meridian Hotel in Damascus  by German journalists that same year, where he was said to be living under police protection. The last reported sighting of him was at the Meridian Hotel in late 2001 by German journalists.
In 2011, Der Spiegel reported that the German intelligence service Bundesnachrichtendienst had destroyed its file on Brunner in the 1990s, and that remarks in remaining files contain conflicting statements as to whether Brunner had worked for the BND at some point

Read more ( BBC)
Read more ( The Times of Israel ) 

Saturday, 25 November 2017

Not all countries act the same, some are more murderous than others


 One of the many lies that try to inculcate us is that all countries would act the same in certain circumstances, experiments carried out in some American universities ( Stanley Milgram, Yale University ) want to induce us to believe that under certain pressure all men would act the same.
  
The experience of the Second World War tells us that at least at the level of nations this is not true. One can not have 100% certainty in almost nothing, but if one can say that the Germans were mostly anti-Semitic and that their attitudes towards prisoners of war, Jews, Gypsies, etc., was mostly cruel and deplorable. Other countries also acted mostly cruelly, Polish, Baltic, Western Ukrainians, Croats, Romanians, of course there were heroic cases among them, but most are guilty of cruelty or indifference towards it.

  
But other countries acted in a very different way, the Danes saved almost all of their Jewish population in one day by embarking them in neutral Sweden, the Italians protected Serbs and Jews in their occupation zones against the Croats who massacred them or against the French who sent them ( the Jews ) to the Germans.
Also interesting are the stories of the survivors about the difference in the humane treatment of Czech civilians and the inhumanity of German civilians in the death marches.

  
And, at least for me, one of the most denigrating aspects of the Germans is their denial, even today, to acknowledge that they knew what was happening, I enclose a statement of witnesses from that era that demonstrate that falsehood.


lnga Haag
Inga Haad , now
German woman, member  of anti-Hitler resistance  


I don't blame people who didn't come forward, 'but to say they didn´t know what was going on is absolute rubbish: in school, in university, you knew- not exactly what happened, but that the Jews had disappeared, We thought the worst because my husband said, 'If they were still alive we would herard from them,' But the fact was they had disappeared, they were just not there. That, I think, for my family and friends who were against Hitler,was the greatest encouragement {to resist}: that citizens can just disappear. As my father said :Germany was a country without law. (1)

Inga Haad , in WWII

Another interesting history about the day of the liberation of Buchenwald camp :
George Hartman

Czech Jewish youth, Buchenwald 


I heard a rumour that the Americans were coming to. liberate Buchenwald but
how the whole camp was dynamited and it would be destroyed before they
came. I thought, well, what can you do? Nothing. The guards were still there.

>-

Then the liberation suddenly happened. And there was this sudden chaos with

people running around and rounding people up. I remember somehow I was at
the officers' swimming pool which was covered with ashes - in Buchenwald
they were also burning people and it was spewing ashes - and in the water
were these SS swimming. The prisoners threw them in and as they came to
the edge, we would kick them back in until they were all drowned. None of
them survived. We didn't drown them, we just didn't let them get out.

Then there was total chaos: the fences were broken and people started run-
ning outside the camp. I was in a horrible shape but I went with this running
mob. And I remember I went to this Ilse Koch's house. People were taking
things: furniture, lamps - whatever they found. I didn't take anything. I was
too sick and I decided I wanted to get out of that, I couldn't stand it because I
was going to be trampled to death - it was mania. I decided to wander away /
(rom the camp and came to a nearby farm. There was a German farm woman, {
scared to death of me, telling me that she didn't do anything, she didn't know I
there was a camp - and she was about two thousand feet away!
- and that her I husband died on the front. She gave me a raw egg, it was the first food and it I
nearly killed me, it was the most disgusting thing.

I stumbled out of that place. If I had been a little more alive, I would have
raped that woman, but at that point there was nothing. Here I had been try-
ing to survive in order to have sex, never having made love in my life, and
here was a single woman, not yet thirty years old, but I had no thoughts of
that at the time. I decided there's no way I'm going to survive much longer,
the only chance is going back to the camp, so I went back; I don't remember
the derails, but somehow I got reunited with my brother.(1)


And another about  the real Nazism of many Germans just after the liberation of Bergen Belsen camp:

Freddie Knoller
Austrian Jewish' youth, Bergen-Belsen 

As I was looking for food (in this nearby farmhouse) I saw something sticking
out from behind
a wardrobe. It was a framed photo of Adolf Hitler. I took a
knife
Freddoe Knoller
and slashed it in front of the old farmer
. That's when he came to me and


said, 'Du sauJude' - 'You pig-jew,' I had the knife in my hand and I just stuck
the knife in his stomach. I don't know if I killed him or not. The British sol-
dier s
aid, 'Come on, let's get back to the camp.' He didn't want anything to do
with it
. I would never have done that under normal circumstances, it was just
that we were l
iberated and that a German continued to call us 'sauJude' (1)



And what do you think the ordinary Germans did when they passed in front of their noses, the emaciated survivors on a death march?, we see :

Roman Halter

Polish Jewish youth, Pimau to Dresden area 


Image result for roman halterThe progress from Pirnau was very slow, we did something like eight or
nine kilometres a day - thi
s was February 1945. We were in our striped
outfits and, before we left, everybody had a strip shorn in the middle
of his head so that if we escaped, we could be easily recognised - so really we
wer
e the first punks! Once we were stopped in an area and asked to sit
d
own in the market square. The German population came out and the SS
wanted to show what beasts we were, so they cut up bits of turnip and
c
arrot and threw them in the middle so that we should fight over them. But
our l
eader said, 'Don't fight, keep your dignity.' We looked up to him and

so we listened. The SS were disappointed so they started kicking those on l
the outside of the circle, but we didn't perform. Very few of the people who (

came to stare had any empathy with us. They shouted insults and said that we were responsible for the bombing; it was terribly disheartening - they were supportive of the S
S. And so like poor starved souls, eventually we were put in
an agricultural implement shed. By that time the SS were also tired and
thought we wouldn't run away and they left only four people to guard us. That

is when, with a small group of those who came from Auschwitz, I managed to escape...(1)



And about the humanity of the Czechs ( in a Death March ):

Alfred Huberman
Polish Jewish youth, Rehmsdorf to Theresienstadt

One remarkable incident: we were walking towards the Sudetenland inhab-
   ited b
y Czechs and when we got to a suburb of some town, it was like a mirage.

On the verges, big slices of bread had been put there; the Czechs must.have
see
n us passing by and saw how emaciated we were. There were no people
a
bout. I just flew for it. It was dangerous because I could have been shot, but I
got some for myself and for a friend who had no shoes and couldn't rush and
shove for it. We walked on and when we got to where there were houses,
hands kept coming out with bread, cakes, cigarettes - no faces, just hands
throwing these into the road.(1)



Anna Bergman

Young Czech Jewish woman, Mauthausen 


After three or four days the Americans liberated us and I begged a nurse to
give my l
ittle boy a bath, and she said, 'What do you mean a little boy? It's a
g
irl.' I was delighted as I had wanted a little girl. She was like an angel, I kept

warming her little feet with my hands, she was wrapped in paper all the time
in Mauthausen. In the nearest Czech place on my way back to Prague, people
saw t
he baby and gave me so many clothes, so she came to Prague beautifully
equi
pped. (1)





(1) Forgotten Voices of the Holocaust . Lyn Smith .2006 


 There are thousands of stories like these and of course not 100% of the Czechs were kind to the Jews, but the behavior of the Czechs, Danes, Italians and some others was mostly more human than that of the Germans, Poles, Balts and countries mentioned above.
 
No, all nations are not equal in their behavior.